Did you know that 1 in every 3 women suffer from some bladder leakage?
Urge incontinence is the second most common variety of incontinence. It occurs when an individual experiences a sudden, strong need to urinate but in addition they leak urine whilst trying to get to the toilet. Urge incontinence is usually due to involuntary bladder contractions and is often associated with urinary frequency and nocturia (waking several times a night to urinate).
Urge incontinence does increase with age due to a lack of oestrogen (particularly in post-menopausal women) but symptoms can be exacerbated in times of stress, alcohol consumption and caffeine consumption (e.g. in coffee, tea and fizzy drinks). Research has found links between urge incontinence and stroke, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s disease, Multiple Sclerosis, urinary tract infections (UTI’s) and other conditions which detrimentally affect the messages sent from the brain to the bladder via the spinal cord. These messages are imperative for the individual to be able to either hold or store urine. Constipation and poor bladder habits can also result in urge incontinence.
Treatment options may include:
- Bladder re-training
- Pelvic floor exercises
- Lifestyle changes
- Electrical stimulation